Guelph, ON – Nylon, Kevlar and other synthetic fabrics may need to step aside. If new scientific research pans out, people may be sporting shirts, blouses and other garments made from fibres modeled after those in the super-strong slime from a creature called the hagfish. The study appears in ACS’ journal Biomacromolecules.
Lead author Atsuko Negishi and her supervisor Douglas S. Fudge, both from the Department of Integrative Biology, University of Guelph, and colleagues explain that petroleum is the raw material for making modern synthetics. Rising prices and the quest for more sustainable alternatives have led scientists to consider the possibilities of using protein-based raw materials, such as spider silk. Another candidate comes from the hagfish, an eel-like fish that produces a thick slime to protect itself against predators. A single Atlantic Hagfish can produce quarts of slime in seconds. It clogs the gills and may suffocate other fish. The slime consists of tens of thousands of remarkably strong threads, each 100 times thinner than a human hair. The scientists set out to investigate spinning spider-silk-like fibres from the proteins of these slime threads.
They developed a method for drawing hagfish slime thread proteins into fibres comparable to lab-made spider silk. It involved casting a thin self-supporting film of thread proteins on the surface of a salt solution, then grabbing it with forceps and lifting it upwards so it collapses into a single strand. The threads in hagfish slime, they indicate, might be models for synthetic fibres made from renewable, naturally occurring proteins.
The authors acknowledge funding from the Advanced Foods and Materials Network and the Ontario Ministry of Economic Development and Innovation.